After the War against Japanese Aggression, people in different classes, parties and regions didn’t want anymore wars.Persuaded by democratic andpatrioticpersons including Zhang Lan, the CPC, represented by Mao Zedong, and KMT, represented by Chiang Kai-shek, engaged in a negotiation in Chongqing. The CPC showed its willingness to reach a consensus, but the KMT showed no intention of establishing a democratic government. Led by Mao Zedong, the CPC members built a broad patriotic united front and gained the support of the people, laying a solid foundation for the opening of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. Meanwhile, the struggling KMT tried to stop the conference though assassination and conspiracy. A battle for establishing the New China began.